Hunting: The threat to the African elephant presented by the ivory trade is unique to the species. Larger, long-lived, slow-breeding animals, like the elephant, are more susceptible to overhunting than other animals. They cannot hide, and it takes many years for an elephant to grow and reproduce. An elephant needs an average of 140 kg (300 lb) of vegetation a day to survive. As large predators are hunted, the local small grazer populations (the elephant's food competitors) find themselves on the rise. The increased number of herbivores ravage the local trees, shrubs, and grasses. Elephants themselves have few natural predators besides man and, occasionally, lions.

Dehabitation: Another threat to elephant's survival in general is the ongoing cultivation of their habitats with increasing risk of conflicts of interest with human cohabitants. These conflicts kill 150 elephants and up to 100 people per year in Sri Lanka. Lacking the massive tusks of its African cousins, the Asian elephant's demise can be attributed mostly to loss of its habitat.

As larger patches of forest disappear, the ecosystem is affected in profound ways. The trees are responsible for anchoring soil and absorbing water runoff. Floods and massive erosion are common results of deforestation. Elephants need massive tracts of land because, much like the slash-and-burn farmers, they are used to crashing through the forest, tearing down trees and shrubs for food and then cycling back later on, when the area has regrown. As forests are reduced to small pockets, elephants become part of the problem, quickly destroying all the vegetation in an area, eliminating all their resources.

National parks: Africa's first official reserve eventually became one of the world's most famous and successful national parks. Kruger National Park in South Africa first became a reserve against great opposition in 1898 (then Sabi Reserve). It was deproclaimed and reproclaimed several times before it was renamed and granted national park status in 1926. It was to be the first of many.

There were many problems in establishing these reserves. For example, elephants range through a wide tract of land with little regard for national borders. However, when most parks were created, the boundaries were drawn at the human-made borders of individual countries. Once a fence was erected, many animals found themselves cut off from their winter feeding grounds or spring breeding areas. Some animals died as a result, while some, like the elephants, just trampled through the fences. This did little to belie their image as a crop-raiding pest. The more often an elephant wandered off its reserve, the more trouble it got into, and the more chance it had of being shot by an angry farmer. When confined to small territories, elephants can inflict an enormous amount of damage to the local landscapes. Today there are still many problems associated with these parks and reserves, but there is now little question as to whether or not they are necessary. As scientists learn more about nature and the environment, it becomes very clear that these parks may be the elephant's last hope against the rapidly changing world around them.

Additionally, Kruger National Park has suffered from elephant overcrowding, at the expense of other species of wildlife within the reserve. South Africa slaughtered 14,562 elephants in the reserve between 1967 and 1994; it stopped in 1995, mostly due to international and local pressure. Without action, it is predicted that the elephant population in Kruger National Park will triple to 34,000 by 2020.

Elephant Acrylic Double-wall Tumbler
Elephant Acrylic Double-wall Tumbler
$14.85
Elephant Bib
Elephant Bib
$14.85
Elephant Sports Bottle
Elephant Sports Bottle
$8.55
Elephant Everyday Pillow
Elephant Everyday Pillow
$22.05
Elephant Pillow Sham
Elephant Pillow Sham
$32.40
Elephant Mylar Balloon
Elephant Mylar Balloon
$9.99
Elephant Picture Ornament
Elephant Picture Ornament
$7.99
Elephant Small Luggage Tag
Elephant Small Luggage Tag
$4.99
Elephant Large Luggage Tag
Elephant Large Luggage Tag
$4.99
Elephant Rectangular Hitch Cover
Elephant Rectangular Hitch Cover
$10.99
Elephant Oval Hitch Cover
Elephant Oval Hitch Cover
$10.99
Elephant Picture Frame
Elephant Picture Frame
$18.99
Elephant Facts Drinking Glass
Elephant Facts Drinking Glass
$10.99
Elephant Facts Shot Glass
Elephant Facts Shot Glass
$12.00
Elephant Facts Stainless Water Bottle 0.6L
Elephant Facts Stainless Water Bottle 0.6L
$16.00
Elephant Facts Stainless Water Bottle 1.0L
Elephant Facts Stainless Water Bottle 1.0L
$18.00
Elephant Facts Throw Blanket
Elephant Facts Throw Blanket
$60.00
Elephant Facts Tote Bag
Elephant Facts Tote Bag
$17.00
Elephant Facts Messenger Bag
Elephant Facts Messenger Bag
$29.50
Elephant Canvas Lunch Bag
Elephant Canvas Lunch Bag
$14.85
Elephant Facts 2.25
Elephant Facts 2.25" Button
$4.00
Elephant Facts Car Magnet 20 x 12
Elephant Facts Car Magnet 20 x 12
$11.99
Elephant Facts Car Magnet 10 x 3
Elephant Facts Car Magnet 10 x 3
$3.99
Elephant Square Car Magnet 3
Elephant Square Car Magnet 3" x 3"
$3.49
Elephant Round Car Magnet
Elephant Round Car Magnet
$3.49
Elephant Rectangle Car Magnet
Elephant Rectangle Car Magnet
$3.49
Elephant Oval Car Magnet
Elephant Oval Car Magnet
$3.49
Elephant Facts 2.25
Elephant Facts 2.25" Button (100 pack)
$200.00
Elephant Facts 2.25
Elephant Facts 2.25" Button (10 pack)
$28.00
Elephant Facts 3.5
Elephant Facts 3.5" Button
$5.00
Elephant Facts 3.5
Elephant Facts 3.5" Button (100 pack)
$250.00
Elephant Facts 3.5
Elephant Facts 3.5" Button (10 pack)
$40.00
Elephant Facts BBQ Apron
Elephant Facts BBQ Apron
$22.00
Elephant Facts Large Wall Clock
Elephant Facts Large Wall Clock
$40.00
Elephant Facts Apron (dark)
Elephant Facts Apron (dark)
$22.00
Elephant Round Ornament
Elephant Round Ornament
$11.25
Elephant Rectangular Canvas Pillow
Elephant Rectangular Canvas Pillow
$22.05
Elephant Square Canvas Pillow
Elephant Square Canvas Pillow
$29.25
Elephant Woven Throw Pillow
Elephant Woven Throw Pillow
$31.50
Elephant 15
Elephant 15" Laptop Sleeve
$25.16
Elephant 13
Elephant 13" Laptop Sleeve
$25.16
Elephant Facts Baseball Jersey
Elephant Facts Baseball Jersey
$23.00
Elephant Facts Sweatshirt (dark)
Elephant Facts Sweatshirt (dark)
$43.00
Elephant Facts Women's Zip Hoodie
Elephant Facts Women's Zip Hoodie
$35.00
Elephant Facts Zip Hoodie (dark)
Elephant Facts Zip Hoodie (dark)
$45.00
Elephant Facts Zip Hoodie
Elephant Facts Zip Hoodie
$39.99
Elephant Facts Hoodie (dark)
Elephant Facts Hoodie (dark)
$45.00
Elephant Long Sleeve Maternity T-Shirt
Elephant Long Sleeve Maternity T-Shirt
$34.20
Elephant Long Sleeve Maternity T-Shirt
Elephant Long Sleeve Maternity T-Shirt
$34.20
Elephant Zip Hoodie
Elephant Zip Hoodie
$44.55
Elephant Hooded Sweatshirt
Elephant Hooded Sweatshirt
$40.05
Elephant Facts Bib
Elephant Facts Bib
$12.00
Elephant Facts Organic Baby T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Organic Baby T-Shirt
$19.00
Elephant Facts Organic Kids T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Organic Kids T-Shirt
$22.00
Elephant Facts Infant T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Infant T-Shirt
$14.50
Elephant Facts baby blanket
Elephant Facts baby blanket
$25.00
Elephant Facts baby hat
Elephant Facts baby hat
$13.00
Elephant Facts Long Sleeve Infant T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Long Sleeve Infant T-Shirt
$17.00
Elephant Facts Long Sleeve Infant Bodysuit
Elephant Facts Long Sleeve Infant Bodysuit
$17.00
Elephant Baby Gown
Elephant Baby Gown
$16.65
Elephant Baby Bodysuit
Elephant Baby Bodysuit
$21.60
Elephant Facts Black Cap
Elephant Facts Black Cap
$15.00
Elephant Girl's Tee
Elephant Girl's Tee
$22.05
Elephant Girl's Tee
Elephant Girl's Tee
$22.05
Elephant Facts Boxer Shorts
Elephant Facts Boxer Shorts
$16.00
Elephant Facts Women's Boy Brief
Elephant Facts Women's Boy Brief
$18.50
Elephant Footed Pajamas
Elephant Footed Pajamas
$67.05
Elephant Facts Cap
Elephant Facts Cap
$17.00
Elephant Facts Classic Thong
Elephant Facts Classic Thong
$13.00
Elephant Facts Dark T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Dark T-Shirt
$27.00
Elephant Facts Men's Fitted T-Shirt (dark)
Elephant Facts Men's Fitted T-Shirt (dark)
$28.00
Elephant Facts Women's Light Pajamas
Elephant Facts Women's Light Pajamas
$34.50
Elephant Facts Women's Dark Pajamas
Elephant Facts Women's Dark Pajamas
$34.50
Elephant Facts Men's Light Pajamas
Elephant Facts Men's Light Pajamas
$34.50
Elephant Facts Men's Dark Pajamas
Elephant Facts Men's Dark Pajamas
$34.50
Elephant 3/4 Sleeve T-shirt
Elephant 3/4 Sleeve T-shirt
$26.55
Elephant Racerback Tank Top
Elephant Racerback Tank Top
$19.80
Elephant Racerback Tank Top
Elephant Racerback Tank Top
$22.05
Elephant Maternity Tank Top
Elephant Maternity Tank Top
$31.50
Elephant Maternity Tank Top
Elephant Maternity Tank Top
$31.50
Elephant Facts Dog T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Dog T-Shirt
$18.00
Elephant Facts Fitted T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Fitted T-Shirt
$26.00
Elephant Facts Framed Panel Print
Elephant Facts Framed Panel Print
$35.00
Elephant Facts Framed Tile
Elephant Facts Framed Tile
$15.00
Elephant Facts Golf Shirt
Elephant Facts Golf Shirt
$22.00
Elephant Facts Green T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Green T-Shirt
$23.00
Elephant Facts Greeting Card
Elephant Facts Greeting Card
$4.00
Elephant Facts Greeting Cards (Pk of 10)
Elephant Facts Greeting Cards (Pk of 10)
$18.00
Elephant Facts Greeting Cards (Pk of 20)
Elephant Facts Greeting Cards (Pk of 20)
$30.00
Elephant Facts Hooded Sweatshirt
Elephant Facts Hooded Sweatshirt
$37.99
Elephant Facts Infant Bodysuit
Elephant Facts Infant Bodysuit
$16.00
Elephant Facts Toddler T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Toddler T-Shirt
$12.99
Elephant Facts Journal
Elephant Facts Journal
$11.00
Elephant Facts Jr. Ringer T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Jr. Ringer T-Shirt
$28.00
Elephant Facts Jr. Spaghetti Tank
Elephant Facts Jr. Spaghetti Tank
$23.00
Elephant Facts Keepsake Box
Elephant Facts Keepsake Box
$25.00
Elephant Facts Kids Baseball Jersey
Elephant Facts Kids Baseball Jersey
$21.00
Elephant Facts Kids Dark T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Kids Dark T-Shirt
$20.00
Elephant Facts Kids Hoodie
Elephant Facts Kids Hoodie
$27.00
Elephant Facts Kids Light T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Kids Light T-Shirt
$19.00
Elephant Facts Kids Sweatshirt
Elephant Facts Kids Sweatshirt
$25.00
Elephant Facts Large Mug
Elephant Facts Large Mug
$18.00
Elephant Facts Stainless Steel Travel Mug
Elephant Facts Stainless Steel Travel Mug
$22.00
Elephant Flask
Elephant Flask
$20.25
Elephant Facts Large Poster
Elephant Facts Large Poster
$20.00
Elephant Facts Light T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Light T-Shirt
$23.00
Elephant Facts Long Sleeve Dark T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Long Sleeve Dark T-Shirt
$29.00
Elephant Facts Long Sleeve T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Long Sleeve T-Shirt
$26.00
Elephant Facts Magnet
Elephant Facts Magnet
$4.00
Elephant Facts 2.25
Elephant Facts 2.25" Magnet (100 pack)
$200.00
Elephant Facts 2.25
Elephant Facts 2.25" Magnet (10 pack)
$29.00
Elephant Facts Maternity Dark T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Maternity Dark T-Shirt
$29.00
Elephant Facts Maternity T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Maternity T-Shirt
$27.99
Elephant Facts Ringer T
Elephant Facts Ringer T
$23.00
Elephant Facts Mini Button
Elephant Facts Mini Button
$3.00
Elephant Facts Mini Button (100 pack)
Elephant Facts Mini Button (100 pack)
$125.00
Elephant Facts Mini Button (10 pack)
Elephant Facts Mini Button (10 pack)
$20.00
Elephant Facts Mini Poster Print
Elephant Facts Mini Poster Print
$5.00
Elephant Facts Mousepad
Elephant Facts Mousepad
$13.00
Elephant Facts Mug
Elephant Facts Mug
$15.00
Elephant Facts Note Cards (Pk of 10)
Elephant Facts Note Cards (Pk of 10)
$15.00
Elephant Facts Note Cards (Pk of 20)
Elephant Facts Note Cards (Pk of 20)
$25.00
Elephant Facts Ornament (Round)
Elephant Facts Ornament (Round)
$12.00
Elephant Facts Patches
Elephant Facts Patches
$4.50
Elephant Facts Banner
Elephant Facts Banner
$44.99
Elephant Facts Throw Pillow
Elephant Facts Throw Pillow
$20.00
Elephant Facts Postcards (Package of 8)
Elephant Facts Postcards (Package of 8)
$8.00
Elephant Facts Rectangle Magnet
Elephant Facts Rectangle Magnet
$5.00
Elephant Facts Rectangle Magnet (100 pack)
Elephant Facts Rectangle Magnet (100 pack)
$250.00
Elephant Facts Rectangle Magnet (10 pack)
Elephant Facts Rectangle Magnet (10 pack)
$40.00
Elephant Facts Small Poster
Elephant Facts Small Poster
$15.00
Elephant Facts Stein
Elephant Facts Stein
$20.00
Elephant Facts Bumper Sticker
Elephant Facts Bumper Sticker
$5.00
Elephant Facts Rectangle Sticker 50 pk)
Elephant Facts Rectangle Sticker 50 pk)
$150.00
Elephant Facts Rectangle Sticker 10 pk)
Elephant Facts Rectangle Sticker 10 pk)
$30.00
Elephant Facts Oval Sticker (50 pk)
Elephant Facts Oval Sticker (50 pk)
$140.00
Elephant Facts Oval Sticker (10 pk)
Elephant Facts Oval Sticker (10 pk)
$30.00
Elephant Facts Bumper Sticker (50 pk)
Elephant Facts Bumper Sticker (50 pk)
$190.00
Elephant Facts Bumper Sticker (10 pk)
Elephant Facts Bumper Sticker (10 pk)
$40.00
Elephant Facts 42x14 Wall Peel
Elephant Facts 42x14 Wall Peel
$18.00
Elephant Facts 38.5 x 24.5 Wall Peel
Elephant Facts 38.5 x 24.5 Wall Peel
$20.00
Elephant Facts 38.5 x 24.5 Oval Wall Peel
Elephant Facts 38.5 x 24.5 Oval Wall Peel
$20.00
Elephant Facts 22x14 Wall Peel
Elephant Facts 22x14 Wall Peel
$15.00
Elephant Facts 22x14 Oval Wall Peel
Elephant Facts 22x14 Oval Wall Peel
$15.00
Elephant Facts 21x7 Wall Peel
Elephant Facts 21x7 Wall Peel
$13.00
Elephant Facts Necklace Oval Charm
Elephant Facts Necklace Oval Charm
$19.50
Elephant Facts Necklace Heart Charm
Elephant Facts Necklace Heart Charm
$19.50
Elephant Facts Necklace Circle Charm
Elephant Facts Necklace Circle Charm
$19.50
Elephant Facts License Plate Holder
Elephant Facts License Plate Holder
$19.50
Elephant Facts Earring Oval Charm
Elephant Facts Earring Oval Charm
$16.50
Elephant Facts Earring Heart Charm
Elephant Facts Earring Heart Charm
$16.50
Elephant Facts Earring Circle Charm
Elephant Facts Earring Circle Charm
$16.50
Elephant Facts Charm Bracelet, One Charm
Elephant Facts Charm Bracelet, One Charm
$18.00
Elephant Facts Aluminum Photo Keychain
Elephant Facts Aluminum Photo Keychain
$9.50
Elephant Facts Aluminum Oval Keychain
Elephant Facts Aluminum Oval Keychain
$9.50
Elephant Facts Aluminum License Plate
Elephant Facts Aluminum License Plate
$19.50
Elephant Facts Laptop Skins
Elephant Facts Laptop Skins
$18.00
Elephant Square Sticker 3
Elephant Square Sticker 3" x 3"
$2.99
Elephant Facts Rectangle Sticker
Elephant Facts Rectangle Sticker
$4.00
Elephant Facts Sweatshirt
Elephant Facts Sweatshirt
$32.99
Elephant Facts Teddy Bear
Elephant Facts Teddy Bear
$18.00
Elephant Facts Tile Coaster
Elephant Facts Tile Coaster
$10.00
Elephant Facts Trucker Hat
Elephant Facts Trucker Hat
$12.00
Elephant Facts Wall Clock
Elephant Facts Wall Clock
$15.00
Elephant Facts White T-Shirt
Elephant Facts White T-Shirt
$23.00
Elephant Facts Women's Long Sleeve Dark T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Women's Long Sleeve Dark T-Shirt
$29.00
Elephant Facts Women's Cap Sleeve T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Women's Cap Sleeve T-Shirt
$23.00
Elephant Facts Women's Dark T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Women's Dark T-Shirt
$27.00
Elephant Facts Women's V-Neck Dark T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Women's V-Neck Dark T-Shirt
$26.00
Elephant Facts Women's Light T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Women's Light T-Shirt
$24.00
Elephant Facts Women's Long Sleeve T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Women's Long Sleeve T-Shirt
$27.00
Elephant Facts Women's Plus Size Scoop Neck Dark T
Elephant Facts Women's Plus Size Scoop Neck Dark T
$36.00
Elephant Facts Women's Plus Size V-Neck Dark T-Shi
Elephant Facts Women's Plus Size V-Neck Dark T-Shi
$36.00
Elephant Facts Women's Plus Size Scoop Neck T-Shir
Elephant Facts Women's Plus Size Scoop Neck T-Shir
$28.00
Elephant Facts Women's Plus Size V-Neck T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Women's Plus Size V-Neck T-Shirt
$28.00
Elephant Facts Women's T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Women's T-Shirt
$24.00
Elephant Facts Women's Tank Top
Elephant Facts Women's Tank Top
$21.00
Elephant Facts Women's V-Neck T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Women's V-Neck T-Shirt
$22.00
Elephant Facts Yard Sign
Elephant Facts Yard Sign
$19.00
Elephant Facts Yellow T-Shirt
Elephant Facts Yellow T-Shirt
$23.00


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