Directors of Homeland Security - Fighting Terrorists since 1492!The original directors of homeland security have been fighting terrorism since 1492. ...When the United States went to war against Mexico, many Apache bands promised U.S. soldiers safe passage through their lands. When the U.S. claimed former territories of Mexico in 1846, Mangas Coloradas signed a peace treaty, respecting them as conquerors of the Mexican's land. An uneasy peace (a centuries old tradition) between the Apache and the now citizens of the United States held until the 1850s, when an influx of gold miners into the Santa Rita Mountains led to conflict. This period is sometimes called the Apache Wars.
The United States' concept of a reservation had not been used by the Spanish, Mexicans or other Apache neighbors before. Reservations were often badly managed and bands who had no kinship relationships were forced to live together. There were also no fences to keep people in or out. It was not uncommon for a band to be given permission to leave for a short period of time. Other times a band would leave without permission, to raid, return to their land to forage or simply get away. The military usually had forts nearby and their job was keep the various bands on the reservations by finding and returning those who left. The reservation policies of the United States kept various Apache bands leaving the reservations (at war) for almost another quarter century. Most American histories of this era say the final defeat of an Apache band took place when 5,000 troops forced (Geronimo's) group of 30 to 50 men, women and children to surrender in 1886. This band and the Chircuhas scouts who tracked them were all sent to military confinement in Florida.