Deming is a city in Luna County, New Mexico. Deming was founded in 1881 and incorporated in 1902, was an important port of entry on the US-Mexican border until the Gadsden Purchase of 1853. A nickname was given to the city at the time of its founding, "New Chicago". It was expected that with the surge of railroad usage, that the city would grow drastically and resemble Chicago, Illinois. There are numerous prehistoric Native American sites around Deming. Deming's economy is based on transportation, real estate, agriculture, energy, retirement, tourism, and the United States Department of Homeland Security. The Great American Duck Race is held every year on the 3rd weekend of August. It features wet and dry duck race tracks, a hot air balloon show, a Tournament of Ducks Parade, and a carnival with a variety of vendors.